Black Hawk's Retreat Bicycle Tour

Serene surroundings, steep slopes, easy rolling ridge tops and scenic valley bottoms make it hard to believe this area is the site of one of the saddest conflicts between the U.S. Army and Native Americans. In 1832, a misguided prediction of British aid from Canada lured 65-year-old Sauk warrior Black Hawk and about 2,000 followers from Iowa to reclaim ancestral lands in Illinois. Hostilities broke out and troops pursued the band through southern Wisconsin to the tragic confrontation in this area. Numerous historical markers en route tell the tale of the final days of Black Hawk's retreat.