Without Wisconsin, there’d be no Earth Day. And without the activists, environmentalists and indiginous people of Wisconsin, we’d have a lot less preserved nature and sustainable practices to celebrate, period.
Here are five ways your travels in Wisconsin’s natural beauty – including over half a million acres of state forests and parks – connect to these legacies.
1. A Wisconsin senator made Earth Day official over 50 years ago.
Earth Day was founded by Wisconsin Sen. Gaylord Nelson, who spearheaded efforts for a national day that focused on environmentalism.
Designated a national day in 1970, Earth Day was adopted globally in 1990. Nelson might have never imagined that now, about 1 billion people take part in Earth Day activities worldwide. Each year, Wisconsin holds its own Earth Day activities throughout April.
2. Plastics recycling was invented by a Wisconsin woman, and that’s as Earth Day as it gets.
You may not have heard of Milly Zantow, but you’re probably familiar with her invention. The Sauk City native pioneered the plastics recycling movement,
She invented the numbered-triangle system used for identifying different kinds of plastic. We have Zantow to thank for cultivating a better way to recycle, which is a great reminder to reduce plastic consumption whenever possible.
Travel to areas in Sauk County:
3. Environmentalist John Muir found inspiration in his Wisconsin farming roots.
After immigrating from Scotland, John Muir’s father built their family farm outside the closest existing city, Portage.
Muir, who would later come to be known as the “Father of the National Parks", spent his childhood years doing chores on the farm and enjoying the surrounding nature. He later said his time in Wisconsin influenced his writing.
Today, you can visit Fountain Lake Farm, a National Historic Landmark in Montello, also known as the Wisconsin Farm Home of John Muir.
Travel to nature areas near Portage and Columbia County:
4. Native people in Wisconsin are the original purveyors of what Earth Day is all about.
Earth Day reminds us to honor and care for nature -- and Native American tribes in Wisconsin have always been the foremost proponents of Earth preservation and sustainable agriculture. Today, we enjoy native foods preserved by the tribes. In fact, the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa reservation, located in Northern Wisconsin, has the only remaining extensive coastal wild rice marsh in the Great Lakes Region.
Surrounding communities and travelers are often invited to celebrate the yearly harvest of native foods such as wild rice and white corn.
Travel to Native spots:
Oneida Nation: The Tsyunhehkwa (pronounced June-hey-kwa) Farm for the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin does a white corn hand harvest event called a harvest and husking bee.
5. Aldo Leopold’s legacy of wildlife preservation has deep connections to Wisconsin.
Often considered the “Father of Wildlife Ecology,” Aldo Leopold was a founder of the science of wildlife management. Leopold was a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and spent many weekends at his beloved “shack” just outside of Baraboo where he and his family restored the land. Today, several special natural places in Wisconsin bear his name.
Tour Leopold’s “shack” and hike the restored prairies and oak savannas at the Aldo Leopold Foundation.
Hike, bike and experience nature on the Aldo Leopold Legacy Trail System, a system of 44 state trails that cover over 1,700 miles.
- Have a nature experience for the whole family at Aldo Leopold Nature Center.